Disclosure about Derivative Financial Instruments and Fair Value of Financial Instruments (Issued 10/94)
This Statement requires disclosures about derivative financial instruments-futures, forward, swap, and option contracts, and other financial instruments with similar characteristics. It also amends existing requirements of FASB Statement No. 105, Disclosure of Information about Financial Instruments with Off-Balance-Sheet Risk and Financial Instruments with Concentrations of Credit Risk, and FASB Statement No. 107, Disclosures about Fair Value of Financial Instruments.
This Statement requires disclosures about amounts, nature, and terms of derivative financial instruments that are not subject to Statement 105 because they do not result in off-balance-sheet risk of accounting loss. It requires that a distinction be made between financial instruments held or issued for trading purpose (including dealing and other trading activities measured at fair value with gains and losses recognized in earnings) and financial instruments held or issued for purposes other than trading. It also amends Statements 105 and 107 to require that distinction in certain disclosures required by those Statements.
For entities that hold or issue derivative financial instruments for trading purposes, this Statement requires disclosure of average fair value and of net trading gains or losses. For entities that hold or issue derivative financial instruments for purposes other than trading, it requires disclosure about those purposes and about how the instruments are reported in financial statements. For entities that hold or issue derivative financial instruments and account for them as hedges of anticipated transactions, it requires disclosure about the anticipated transactions, the classes of derivative financial instruments used to hedge those transactions, the amounts of hedging gains and losses deferred, and the transactions or other events that result in recognition of the deferred gains or losses in earnings. This Statement also encourages, but does not require, quantitative information about market risks of derivative financial instruments, and also of other assets and liabilities, that is consistent with the way the entity manages or adjusts risks and that is useful for comparing the results of applying the entity's strategies to its objectives for holding or issuing the derivative financial instruments.
This Statement amends Statement 105 to require disaggregation of information about financial instruments with off-balance-sheet risk of accounting loss by class, business activity, risk, or other category that is consistent with the entity's management of those instruments. This Statement also amends Statement 107 to require that fair value information be presented without combining, aggregating, or netting the fair value of derivative financial instruments with the fair value of nonderivative financial instruments and be presented together with the related carrying amounts in the body of the financial statements, a single footnote, or a summary table in a form that makes it clear whether the amounts represent assets or liabilities.
This Statement is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years ending after December 15, 1994, except for entities with less than $150 million in total assets. For those entities, this Statement is effective for financial statements issued for fiscal years ending after December 15, 1995.