FASB ISSUES NEW GUIDANCE
ON EMPLOYEE SHARE-BASED PAYMENT ACCOUNTING
Norwalk, CT, March 30, 2016—The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) today issued an Accounting Standards Update (ASU) intended to improve the accounting for employee share-based payments. The ASU affects all organizations that issue share-based payment awards to their employees.
The ASU, Compensation—Stock Compensation (Topic 718): Improvements to Employee Share-Based Payment Accounting, simplifies several aspects of the accounting for share-based payment award transactions, including:
- The income tax consequences
- Classification of awards as either equity or liabilities, and
- Classification on the statement of cash flows.
- Practical Expedient for Expected Term: In lieu of estimating the period of time that a share-based award will be outstanding, private companies can now apply a practical expedient to estimate the expected term for all awards with performance or service conditions that have certain characteristics.
- Intrinsic Value: Private companies can now make a one-time election to switch from measuring all liability-classified awards at fair value to measuring them at intrinsic value. Previously, private companies were provided an option to measure all liability-classified awards at intrinsic value, but some private companies were unaware of that option.
Accounting for employee share-based awards was identified by the Private Company Council (PCC) as an area of concern among private company stakeholders. The PCC worked with the FASB to discuss and analyze the issues that private companies have encountered in this area when applying the standard. The PCC also asked the FASB staff to conduct outreach with users as a part of the FASB’s pre-agenda research on the topic.
Concurrently, the FASB received feedback from stakeholders through its Simplification Initiative suggesting that the accounting for employee share-based awards could be simplified.
The FASB also considered the conclusions in the Financial Accounting Foundation’s (FAF) Post-Implementation Review (PIR) Report on Statement 123(R), Share-Based Payment. Though the report concluded that the prior standard achieved its purpose, it noted that certain areas within Statement 123(R) may be costly and difficult to apply.
Based on this collective input, the FASB subsequently added the project to its agenda.
For public companies, the amendments in this ASU are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2016, and interim periods within those annual periods. For private companies, the amendments are effective for annual periods beginning after December 15, 2017, and interim periods within annual periods beginning after December 15, 2018. Early adoption is permitted for any organization in any interim or annual period.
The ASU is available at www.fasb.org.
About the Financial Accounting Standards Board
Established in 1973, the FASB is the independent, private-sector, not-for-profit organization based in Norwalk, Connecticut, that establishes financial accounting and reporting standards for public and private companies and not-for-profit organizations that follow Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP). The FASB is recognized by the Securities and Exchange Commission as the designated accounting standard setter for public companies. FASB standards are recognized as authoritative by many other organizations, including state Boards of Accountancy and the American Institute of CPAs (AICPA). The FASB develops and issues financial accounting standards through a transparent and inclusive process intended to promote financial reporting that provides useful information to investors and others who use financial reports. The Financial Accounting Foundation (FAF) supports and oversees the FASB. For more information, visit www.fasb.org.