FASB ISSUES ACCOUNTING ALTERNATIVE FOR PRIVATE COMPANIES ON INTANGIBLE ASSETS IN BUSINESS COMBINATIONS
Norwalk, CT, December 23, 2014—The Financial Accounting Standards Board (FASB) today issued guidance intended to improve private company financial reporting regarding accounting for identifiable intangible assets in a business combination. FASB Accounting Standards Update No. 2014-18, Business Combinations (Topic 805): Accounting for Identifiable Intangible Assets in a Business Combination, is based on a consensus reached by the Private Company Council (PCC).
The PCC and the FASB received input from private company stakeholders indicating that the benefits of the current requirements relating to the accounting for identifiable intangible assets acquired in a business combination do not justify the related costs.
The new guidance allows a private company to elect an accounting alternative for the recognition of certain intangible assets acquired in a business combination. In this alternative, a private company would no longer recognize the following separate from goodwill:
- Customer-related intangible assets unless they are capable of being sold or licensed independently from the other assets of the business, and
- Noncompetition agreements.
However, some customer-related intangible assets that are capable of being sold or licensed independently would continue to be separately recognized—such as mortgage servicing rights, commodity supply contracts, core deposits, and customer information (for example, names and contact information).
“This accounting alternative will, for private companies, avoid the unnecessary costs and complexity encountered when measuring certain customer-related intangible assets and noncompetition agreements,” said FASB Chairman Russell G. Golden. “Although public companies and not-for-profits are not permitted to elect this alternative, the Board added a separate project to its agenda to consider the applicability to public companies and not-for-profits.”
The decision to adopt the accounting alternative must be made upon the occurrence of the first transaction within the scope of this accounting alternative. If the transaction occurs in the first fiscal year beginning after December 15, 2015, the adoption will be effective for that fiscal year and all periods thereafter. If the transaction occurs in fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2016, the adoption will be effective in the interim period that includes the date of that first transaction and all periods thereafter. Early application is permitted for any interim and annual financial statements that have not yet been made available for issuance.
More information on the standard, including a FASB In Focus, is available on the FASB website and on the PCC website.
About the Financial Accounting Standards Board
Since 1973, the Financial Accounting Standards Board has been the designated organization in the private sector for establishing standards of financial accounting and reporting. Those standards govern the preparation of financial reports and are officially recognized as authoritative by the Securities and Exchange Commission and the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants. Such standards are essential to the efficient functioning of the economy because investors, creditors, auditors, and others rely on credible, transparent, and comparable financial information. For more information about the FASB, visit our website at www.fasb.org.
About the Private Company Council (PCC)
The PCC determines alternatives to existing nongovernmental U.S. GAAP to address the needs of users of private company financial statements, based on criteria mutually agreed upon by the PCC and the FASB. Before being incorporated into U.S. GAAP, PCC recommendations will be subject to a FASB endorsement process. The PCC also serves as the primary advisory body to the FASB on the appropriate treatment for private companies for items under active consideration on the FASB’s technical agenda.